Monday, 2 October 2017



Write the correct form of verb. 
1. It (rain) in winter. 
2. The sun (set) in the west. 
3. She (love) her cat very much. 
4. He (go) to school every day. 
5. It (rain) at present. 
6. They (drink) tea every morning. 
7. The earth (revolve) around the sun. 
8. She (learn) French at present. 
9. They (not do) their work regularly. 
10. Shahida (sing) a sad song today. 
11. She (speak) English now. 
12. She (speak) English quite well. 
13. The baby (cry) for milk now. 
14. I (wait) here for two hours. 
15. I already (take) three cups of coffee. 
16. I (not see) you since Monday. 
17. She (learn) French for over two years. 
18. The book (lie) on the table for weeks. 
19. He (not speak) to me since March. 
20. She (sleep) since morning. 
21. How long you (wait) here?
22. She (work) in this office for seven years. 
23. They (not eat) anything since morning. 
24. They already (do) their home task. 
25. I already (post) the letter. 
26. You (rest) since morning. 
27. She (go) to school an hour ago. 
28. The Quaid-e-Azam (work) very hard. 
29. She (shut) the door softly. 
30. She (do) her home task when the guests arrived. 
31. I (read) a book when the bell rang. 
32. It (begin) to rain an hour ago. 
33. How long ago you (come) here?
34. He (leave) twenty minutes ago. 
35. I (go) to airport when I (see) her. 
36. I (meet) her in the plane. 
37. I (make) tea when the door bell (ring)
38. He (not reply) to my letter. 
39. I (buy) this motor bike only a month ago. 
40. I (not listen) when you (talk)
41. I (leave) the house before it started raining. 
42. The match started after I (leave) the play ground. 
43. They (leave) for London tomorrow. 
44. I (see) him next Monday. 
45. You (not understand) it. 
46. She (work) hard for the competition. 
47. They (travel) all night. 
48. She (finish) her work before the guests arrive. 
49. I hope it (stop) raining by the evening. 
50. They (complete) their work by tomorrow. 

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Tuesday, 22 August 2017


(i) Write an essay on the topic "My Favourite Book".

My Favourite Book

Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.
(Francis Bacon)

     Reading is the exercise of mind mostly done with books. A book is a volume of many sheets of paper bounded together, containing text, illustrations, photographs, or other kind of information. I have read many books but the Holy Quran is the most important and sacred book to me. Thus it is my favourite book. 
     The Holy Quran is basically a religious book of Muslims. It was revealed to the last prophet of Allah, Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). The arch-angel Gabriel brought this scripture in the 7th century A.D. in installments. It is in Arabic. It has 30 sections, 114 chapters and 6,666 verses. It is the only infallible book of the world.
     The Holy Quran holds a pride of place. Before touching it, ablution is compulsory. Care is taken that it does not come into contact with any unclean substance and it is never to be laid upon the ground. The most eloquent testimony of the place accorded to the Holy Quran is that many Muslims learn it by heart. They are called 'hafiz'.
     Recitation of the Holy Quran is the core of religious devotion. It is recited on many different occasions. It is recited in prayers. Ventures and public meetings are started with its recitation. The art of recitation is called 'tajwid' or 'tartil'. Participation in recitation, whether as a reciter or listener, is itself an act of worship. 
     I get up early in the morning. After offering the morning prayer, I recite a few verses from the Holy Quran and study the Urdu paraphrase of these verses. These inform me about the tenets of Islam. These tell me how to please Allah. These warm me against malignancy. Thus these verses teach me the spiritual, social and legal codes of conduct. 
     In short, the Holy Quran has more qualities than pens can write or words can describe. It is an encyclopedia of knowledge, wisdom and morality. So we should study it with paraphrase and act upon the golden tidings given in it. It can make us true Muslims and ideal persons for society. Thus I love it very much.
The superiority and preference of the Holy Quran on all other books and
sayings is the same as the superiority of Almighty over His creatures.
(Hazrat Muhammad SAW)

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "My Ambition".

My Ambition

(i) Write an essay on the topic "My Hobby".

My Hobby

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "My Best Friend".

My Best Friend

(i) Write a paragraph on the topic "Fashions".

Life's too short to wear boring clothes.
(Cushnie et Ochs)

      It is an innate desire of man to look attractive and imitate others. This has given birth to fashion. Fashion is a popular style especially in clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body, furniture and behaviour. In crude terms fashion is a style of living. No doubt it is an age of fashion. The fascination of fashions is stronger in cities than that of towns and villages. Fashions are more popular with the youth particularly adult and teenage girls. It is said that the chameleon does not change its colour as quickly as a woman wears out a new fashion. Even the frumps and old hags want to look young, smart and beautiful. However, men cannot plead innocence when it comes to this, especially these days where many men care more about fashion than any other thing. Moreover, these are men who are responsible for women's fashions. Fashion craze is influenced by several factors. The garment industry, attractive advertising and films are mainly responsible for this craze. The T.V. commercials and the press have also captured the imagination of the people. Media stars have emerged as leaders of fashions. Shopping plazas and markets have sprung up everywhere. Foreign designs and elegant dressmaking are very much in demand. Every week there are full page colour pictures of fashion-wears, powders, perfumes and cosmetics. Fabrics, footwear, furniture, fast food and video films have become the fashion of the day. Fashions have a tendency to spread like wild fire. Fashions move like windstorms. Fashions have many advantages as well as disadvantages. Fashions create a colourful variety in the daily life and add to the cultural wealth of a country. The economy of a country goes around with fashion industry. On the other hand, fashion craze banishes sobriety. Much money is needed to follow the fashions of the time. The glitter of advertisement makes everything look like gold. We should be on our guard, because all that glitters may not be gold in some cases. Being Muslims, we should follow and adopt the life style of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) which is based on simplicity, modesty and humility.

Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.
(Oscar Wilde) 

(ii) Write a paragraph on the topic "A River in Flood".

A River in Flood

As flies to wanton boys are we to the gods.
(William Shakespeare)

     Life is precious because it is precarious. Any disease, accident or calamity may damage this fragile life. A flood is a natural calamity that usually occurs during the rainy season. A river in flood is a source of trouble for all. Crops are razed, trees are uprooted and animals are washed away. Many people meet a watery grave. Floods are common in Pakistan and affect Sindh and Punjab the most. Last summer I happened to be in my village, about 20 miles south of Jhang. For over a week the wet spell had been a delightful experience. The rain was driven in sharp bursts by the rushing wind. One morning in the early hours there went up a cry "water, water". The Chenab was in flood. There was water in our courtyard. The low-lying part of the village was under three feet of water. Panic gripped the whole village. There were bushels on almost every head. Most of the folks started moving through the flooded fields towards the nearby high mound. My family also followed these folks. It was a scene of great misery. From the corner of the high mound I had the first glimpse of the river in flood. It seemed we were stranded on a small island. The entire area up to the far-off road bridge and even beyond was just one sheet of muddy water. Logs were seen floating fast. The trees all around, with half of their trunks in water, stood firm like unfolded umbrellas. Far below we saw the floating bodies of horses, cows and buffaloes. All the mud houses were collapsed in the massive flow of water. The flood all around and the floating objects of water filled our hearts with dread. Water seemed to be devouring all. Government declared emergency in the affected areas and launched full scale rescue and relief operations. Pakistan army was called in for evacuation and rescue purposes. From this personal experience to the flood scene, I learnt that floods are very devastating natural calamities. They warn that man's place on this earth is very precarious. All the advancements in knowledge and science cannot overcome this helplessness of man. We may tend to act like supreme beings, but the truth is that;
We are hopelessly frail and defenceless in front of nature. 

(i) Write a paragraph on the topic "My Neighbour".

My Neighbour

A good neighbour increases the value of your property.
(Czech Proverb)

     To live alone one must be either a beast or a god. Man is neither a beast nor a god. He is a social being. He lives among his parents, siblings, children, relatives, friends and neighbours. Neighbours are those people who live around our house up to forty houses in all directions. Happy is the man who has good neighbours. Fortunately, I am one of them. Most of my neighbours are very good people. However, I have a close association with my immediate neighbour, Mr. Ashraf Minhas. He is a handsome, middle-aged teacher with a vigorous zest for life. He is always well-dressed. He is fond of reading and buying books. He offers his prayers five times a day. You could not wish to meet a more good-natured and hospitable man. He likes gardening. His garden is full of flowers in spring. He invites his neighbours and entertains them warmly. He delights everybody with fond details of flowers and their blooming patterns. Mr. Minhas is an optimistic by nature and he never worries himself over trifles. He is neither proud nor jealous. He is a gentleman par-excellence. He is the father of a happy family of four children - two sons and two daughters. The eldest son is my class-fellow and best friend, and all our programmes of study and recreation go jointly. His wife is a highly educated, cultured and civilized lady. She is also a close friend of my mother. His aged mother and younger sister also live with him. His mother is a religious minded lady. She is always busy in the worship of Allah Almighty and helping the poor. All the members of his family are well mannered. friendly and sociable. Mr. Minhas's family also comes to visit us on special occasions. Either we are in sorrow or joy, in rain or in sunshine; Mr. Minhas is always by the side of us. In short, my neighbour is a character larger-than-life. All the people in the vicinity like him. I am really lucky to have such a good neighbour. I am proud of my neighbour. He is a great blessing of Allah Almighty. Allah Almighty has rightly chosen Mr. Minhas as my neighbour. 

We make our friends; we make our enemies; but God makes our next door neighbour.
(Gilbert K. Chesterton)
(ii) Write a paragraph on the topic "A Road Accident".

A Road Accident

As flies to wanton boys are we to the gods.
(William Shakespeare)

     Life is precious because it is precarious. Any disease, calamity or accident may damage this fragile life. An accident is an undesirable event that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically resulting in harm, injury or fatality. A road accident is a global tragedy with ever-raising trend. The number of road accidents that are daily reported in press or on television show that roads have become veritable death traps. When we venture to step out of our houses, we are not sure whether we will be able to reach our destination safely or not. Most of the road accidents are caused by negligence of traffic rules, carelessness of drivers, craze for over speeding, excessive use of mobile phones and narrowness of roads. Last year, I witnessed a very dreadful and shocking road accident on Murree Road. It was a hot noon of June. I was going to Murree with my family in a car. My father was driving the car at a normal speed. Suddenly, a passenger van overtook our car with a great speed. Soon we heard a loud blare of horns and a squeal of brakes. However, the fast moving passenger van had a terrible head-on collision with a truck coming from the opposite side. My father slammed on the brakes, veered to the left and parked the car. The whole traffic on the road stopped immediately. The passenger van had turned turtle and the front of the truck had totaled. Thank God! The van had no fallen in the deep valley beside the road. There was a great hue and cry raised by the passengers. The road was littered with broken glass, iron bars, oil and blood. Almost every passenger was injured. Alas! the front seated passengers and the driver died there and then. We and some other people helped the injured to get out of the damaged van. Soon the help arrived there. The causalities were taken to the nearby hospital. The traffic continued after half an hour and we went ahead. I felt sorry that just for the sake of entertainment, some drivers put the lives of many passengers in danger. I wished that people should have more traffic sense to avoid such accidents and keep it in mind that;

It is better late than never. 

(i) Write a paragraph on the topic "The Teacher I Like the Best".

The Teacher I Like the Best

I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well.
(Alexander the Great)

    The world remained deprived of doctors, engineers, lawyers, businessmen, politicians, scientists or other great persons if there had been no teachers. A teacher is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, skills and values. He is a lighthouse, custodian and spiritual father. He is a force that is necessary to kindle the spark inside a student. During my school life, I have come across several teachers. I have a great respect for all of them. However, the teacher I like the most is our English teacher - a teacher not only by profession but also by passion. Courtesy requires that I should not call him by his real name. People call him Sir Zeeshan. He is a young man of 35. He is so punctual and dutiful that he never misses his periods. He is always well suited and booted. He has short hair, sparkling eyes and a contagious smile.  He is not a giant in his stature but it is very well made up by his intellectual attainments. He is an M.A. in English. He has a full command on his subject. He is a born teacher. He does not teach by rote but attempts to find new invigoration for the course materials on a daily bases. He makes lessons interesting with analogies, jokes and anecdotes. He has a strong, clear and resonant voice. His pronunciation and accent are second to none.  He uses body language to build rapport with students, and make them feel safe and supported. He explains each and every thing in simple words. He maintains perfect discipline during lessons. He encourages students to ask questions. It is a pleasure to listen to him when he teaches us English whether it be prose, poetry or grammar. The method he uses to teach is developed by his own. He gives us many assignments. He conducts oral and written tests regularly. For this, he has been a very good coach so far as the examination is concerned. In short, he owns all the qualities of a good teacher. All the students respect, obey and love him. He is, indeed, a great asset to our school and the society. He will remain my favourite school teacher forever. 
A good teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops. 
(Henry Adams)

(ii) Write a paragraph on the topic "A House on Fire".

A House on Fire

Fire, water and government know nothing of mercy.
     Fire is useful when it is under control. It serves man greatly but when it burns uncontrollably, it proves to be a curse. It can destroy worth millions of rupees and life in a matter of few seconds as it is revealed by one of my own experiences. It was a perfectly peaceful night. I was studying in my room. Suddenly there was a loud noise in the street. I came out of my house to know what had happened in the neighourhood. What I saw, I could not stop my scream. A house in my neighbourhood had caught fire. There was a huge cloud of smoke. The flames were rising high up towards the sky. The wind was fanning the flames. A large number of people had already gathered there. Some men were pouring buckets of water to put out the fire. Some were throwing bags of sand to extinguish fire. But the fire was ravaging. The inmates were running hither and thither crying for help. It was a very horrible sight. Someone in the crowd informed the fire brigade. Within half an hour, the fire-brigade reached the spot. The fire fighters began to throw water on the fierce flames by means of their hose pipes. At last the inferno was extinguished after about half an hour. However, it had caused great damage and destruction to the house. Furniture, carpets, clothes, curtains, wooden cupboards and other belongings worth thousands of rupees were burnt to ashes. The kitchen, the dinning room, and the drawing room were badly affected. The whole house presented a dismal picture. Luckily, there was no loss of life. None could say how the fire broke out. Some said that the fire was started by some mischievous people in the colony. Others said that it was due to the carelessness of the servant of the house who left a burning cigarette near some clothes. Later, when investigation was made, it was found that the leakage in the gas pipe had led to the outbreak of the devastating fire. In short, the burning house within a few hours made me realize the futility of human life and ventures. It takes man many years to build his dream house and it takes Nature only a few minutes to completely destroy his dreams. It is rightly said, 
Man proposes but God disposes
(Thomas A Kempis)


(i) Write an essay on the topic "My Last Day at School".

My Last Day at School

 Memory is the treasury and guardian of all things.
(Marcus Tullius Cicero)

     Memories are more indelible than ink. Days pass however the memories and associations they leave refuse to die. My last day at school is one of those bygone days whose memory is still fresh and clear in my mind. It was one of the golden days of my life. It was a day of sadness as well as preparedness.
     I had spent twelve years in my school. I had learnt many lessons. I had made many friends. I had developed great respect for my teachers. I had participated in many co-curricular activities. I had won many prizes. I had evolved great intimacy with the school building.  In fact, I had enjoyed my stay at school.
     A sunny day of March was my last day at school. The holidays preparatory to the final examination were going to commence from the next day. All the students were in their best clothes. Our juniors of ninth class had hosted a farewell party for us in the school hall. We were entertained with speeches, songs, jokes, burgers and cold drinks.
     However, the best part of the farewell party was our headmaster's speech. He gave us many pieces of advice. He advised us to be honest, truthful and upright in our dealings. I will never forget his words, "Hard work and perseverance is a key to success." In the end, he wished us all a successful life and a bright future.
    All the students stood up from their seats. They shook hands with their worthy teachers. Some of the students obtained the teachers' autographs in their diaries. The teachers handed us our character certificates. All the students embraced each other for the last time. It was a very sentimental, emotional and pathetic scene.
     Finally we came out of the hall and gathered in the garden. We took some group photographs. I looked at the school thoughtfully. The school building, the playground, the trees in the school courtyard, the class rooms and even the school library seemed to whisper to me how they would miss me. Even the last day at school had ended.
Farewell, my friends! farewell, my foes!
My peace with these, my love with those:
(Robert Burns)

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "Sports and Games".

Sports and Games
     A healthy mind resides in a healthy body. Sports and games are usually competitive physical activities which make the human body healthy. They are no less important than food and fresh water. They provide enjoyment to the participants and entertainment for spectators. They play an important role in the development of human personality. 

(i) Write and essay on the topic "Courtesy".


The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.
(Hazrat Muhammad SAW)
     There is no law that compels us to prastise courtesy. However, as social beings we need to possess this great virtue. Courtesy means excellence of manners or polite behaviour. It, of course, springs from good breeding and kindness of heart. The words "Assalam-o-Alaikum", "Please", "Thank You" and "Sorry" are the hallmarks of courtesy. It is a gift of treating others with warmth and respect. 
     When courteous people meet, they greet one another, saying, "good morning" or "good evening" according to the time of the day. Muslims greet one another, saying "Assalam-o-Alaikum". A Muslim's greeting is a kind of wish, a prayer for mutual happiness, peace and security. The Holy Quran lays stress on this form of greeting in Sura Al-Noor verse 61.
     "Please" is a polite expression of requests. It is also a polite way of saying "yes". A courteous man always says "Please" when he asks someone to give him something or to do something for him. However, he does not say "Please" over and over again as a way to beg for something he wants - this is not a polite thing to do at all.
     "Thank You" is a polite expression of gratitude used to show appreciation of something and respect for someone. A courteous man always says "Thank You" while acknowledging a gift, service or offer etc. from others.
If the only prayer you ever say in your entire life is "thank you", it will be enough.
(Meister Eckhart) 
     "Sorry" is a polite expression used to apologize for something. To say "Sorry" is one of the core reparative opportunities in damaged or strained relations. To say "Sorry" is not an act of weakness or surrender. It only means to be broad-minded, humble and courteous. A courteous man keeps it in mind "Nobody is always right."
     A courteous man observes good manners on all occasions and respects the feelings of others. He makes no attempt to jump the queue. In a crowded bus, he gives up his seat to an elderly person or someone who is blind, disabled or sick. In short, courtesy keeps the machine of everyday life oiled and makes it more pleasant and meaningful.
(ii) Write an essay on the topic "A Rainy Day".

A Rainy Day

I love the rain. It's my favourite weather.
(Rabindranath Tagore)

     Rain is an amazing natural phenomenon which has been there since life came into existence on the earth. Water vapours which evaporate constantly from the earth surface result in the formation of clouds. When the clouds get concentrated and become heavy enough to fall under gravity, they result in rain.
     Rain is a great blessing of Allah Almighty. It is indeed one of the most important factors for life on the earth. It is a marvelous gift in the long and extremely hot summer. The scorching sun and unbearable heat is washed away by the rain water. It soothes the spirit and washes away all that is bad, dirty and unpleasant.
     It was an oppressively hot day of July. Everyone was exhausted, tired and worn out due to the intense heat. The sky was brilliant blue due to the ever bright sun. There were no signs of clouds. The temperature was baking and the hot air was blistering. The plants were dried and drooped. The animals had all lied down, nearly fainted. All the people were praying for rain.
     At last, Allah Almighty did hear the prayers of heat-stricken people. The wind began to rustle through the swaying tops of trees. The humid heat was gone in no time. The rolling mass of black clouds started gathering in the sky. The golden sunlight disappeared and everything became silvery grey. There was a flash of lightning, quickly followed by a clap of thunder.
     Soon large rain drops began to fall. It was followed by a heavy shower. The sound of the downpour was pleasing to the ears. The tree-leaves turned into the most radiant shades of green. In no time, the whole city was drenched in rain water. The young and the old alike ran up and down the flooded streets. There were scenes of jubilation all around.
     It rained for about an hour and then the sky became clear again. The birds came out of their nests and the animals out of their shelters. Everything was shiny and crystal clear. Then out of nowhere, the stunning, miraculous and awe inspiring rainbow appeared in the sky. It was like someone had painted an arc of seven brilliant colours in the sky.
One touch of nature maketh the whole world kin.
(William Shakespeare)

(i) Write an essay on the topic "A Cricket Match".

A Cricket Match

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "A True Muslim".

A True Muslim
A Muslim is true if there is no difference between his claim and conduct.

    The follower of the religion of Islam is called a Muslim. To be a Muslim is a great blessing of Allah. A true Muslim is one who has a resolute faith in the basic doctrines of Islam. He performs religious practices sincerely. He observes all his duties which he owes to mankind. He is thirty of knowledge. He is a true lover of the Holy Prophet (SAW). He is, in fact, a 'Momin' in other words.
     Firstly, a true Muslim has a firm belief in the basic doctrines of Islam. He believes in the absolute unity of Allah. He trusts in angels. He has faith in prophets, the final one being Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). He confides in scriptures. He is certain of the Day of Judgement. He has such a resolute and unwavering faith in these tenets that satanic forces fail to work on him. 
     Secondly, a true Muslim performs religious practices honestly. He incessantly offers his prayers five times a day. He keeps fasts during the month of Ramadan. If he is wealthy, he pays zakat to the needy and the destitute. If he is healthy and wealthy, he performs Hajj. Worldly charms and temptations cannot entice him to neglect his religious obligations. 
     Thirdly, a true Muslim performs all his duties which he owes to mankind. He respects his elders, parents, teachers, neighbours and relatives. He loves children. He/She is an affectionate father, caring mother, loving husband, faithful wife, obedient son, docile daughter, reliable friend, plaint student and peaceful neighbour. He is the one from whose hand and tongue all Muslims are safe. 
    Fourthly, a true Muslim is ever eager to seek knowledge. He knows that seeking and pursuing knowledge with the intention of benefiting oneself and others is rewarded like performing additional prayers or fasting. He knows, "Whoever follows a path in pursuit of knowledge, Allah makes his way easy to paradise." (Al-Bukhari)
     Lastly, the hallmark of a true Muslim is his earnest love for the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). He loves the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) more than anything else in this world, including his own life, Through this love he acknowledges, cherishes and glorifies all the potential of goodness and greatness that Allah Almighty has created in him.
To my Muhammad be but true, and thou hast conquered Me;
The world is naught: thou shalt command My Pen of Destiny.
(Allama Iqbal)

(i) Write an essay on the topic "Life in a Big City".

Life in a Big City

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "Village Life".

Village Life

(i) Write an essay on the topic "A Visit to a Hill Station". 

A Visit to a Hill Station

The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page.
(Augustine of Hippo)

     I am mad about tourism because I have an adventurous spirit. I have an itinerary of Pakistan. I have visited many attractive places of Pakistan like Shalimar Gardens, Faisal Mosque, Tomb of Jahangir, Sozo Water Park, Lahore Zoo, Manora, Mohenjo-daro and Murree Hills. However, my visit to Naran in the Kaghan Valley surpasses all and is unforgettable.
     I visited Naran with my family. It was a sunny morning of May 2016. We packed our luggage and seated in our car. My father sat at the driving seat and we left for Abbotabad. We reached there in the afternoon. The weather was very pleasant there. However,  the journey was tiring and we slept soundly for the night in a hotel.
     Next morning we left for Balakot. On the way, we passed by Jangal Mangal and Jabba. Around Jabba there was a thick forest and the beauty of the landscape was simply breathtaking. There were very sharp, hairpin turns on the road near Batrasi. We saw the conjunction point where the river Kunhar meets two other streams near Garhi Habibullah. We reached Shogran in the evening.
     Next morning we left for Naran. The road to Naran was in a bad shape. It was high in upper half of the high mountain slope and the river Kunhar looked like a ribbon below. The stone houses of brave villagers on the mountain slope were amazing. Our car crossed about eight glaciers from Kaghan to Naran.
     At last, we reached Naran, the most scenic town of Pakistan. It was very still in the woods around Naran. There were logs in the river Kuhar. We enjoyed fishing there. We also enjoyed horse-riding. What should I say about lake Saiful-Maluk, it is nevertheless the most beautiful lake in the world. The water of the lake was crystal clear and freezing cool.
     It was extremely enjoyable and unforgettable trip. The return from the fairy land was sad and sombre. It looked like returning from Heaven to Hell, from a tension free land to a troubled world. In short, I love river Kunhar, I love Naran, I love Saiful-Maluk and above all I adore Allah Almighty's creativity and craftsmanship.
Never lose an opportunity of seeing anything beautiful, for beauty is God's handwriting.
(Ralph Waldo Emerson)

(ii) Write an essay on the topic "Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah".

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Jinnah is a historic personality which takes birth once in a century.

     Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the brightest star in the history of Pakistan. He had a multidimensional personality and his achievements in different fields were numerous. He was a great lawyer, a distinguished politician, a resolute freedom-fighter, a dynamic Muslim leader and above all the founder of Pakistan. Thus he is revered as Quaid-e-Azam and Baba-e-Qaum.
     Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first child born to Mithibai and Jinnahbhai Poonja in Wazir Mansion Karachi on December 25, 1876. The Wazir Mansion has been rebuilt into a national museum owing to the fact that the founder of the nation was born within its walls. Jinnah's birth name was Muhammad Ali Jinnahbhai. His birthday is observed as a national holiday.
     Jinnah got his early education from Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam in Karachi. He passed his matriculation examination from Christian Missionary Society High School Karachi. After his matriculation, he was sent to England for higher studies. He distinguished himself over there as a keen and upright student. He qualified from Lincoln's Inn as a brilliant barrister.
     On his return to India he started law-practice in Karachi and afterwards moved to Bombay. Then he joined the Indian National Congress in 1906. He was an ardent supporter of the Hindu-Muslim unity. But the narrow vision of certain communal leaders disappointed him. Thus he joined the Muslim League in 1913.
     In 1916, Jinnah became the president of the Muslim League. He worked hard for a separate homeland for the Muslims. The odds were against him. The Hindus, the British and a section of the Muslims were hostile to him. But he grappled with every problem. August 14, 1947 was the day of his triumph. Pakistan appeared on the map of the world.
     Flowers must die before thorns otherwise they would not be flowers. Jinnah took oath of office as the first Governor General of Pakistan. However, his health had been breaking down under a heavy pressure of work. He died in harness in Karachi on September 11, 1948. Lord Pethick Lawrence, the former secretary of State of India, rightly said,
"Gandhi died by the hands of an assassin; Jinnah died by his devotion to Pakistan."


1. Translate the following paragraphs into English.
     There is a garden in front of my house. There are many plants and trees in it. There bloom flowers of many colours in spring. Their fragrance spreads all around. In the evening, the garden is filled with men, women and children. People promenade here and there and enjoy themselves. Children run around in the garden. Now they are here and at the next moment, they are in the other corner of the garden. I also go to the garden for a walk on every evening. Many gardeners look after the garden.  
    In the ups and downs of life, there come such moments when a man totally loses his hope. He becomes pessimist and his power to compete disappears. This is against the dignity of man. All the progress the world has made is the result of the determination and perseverance that Allah Almighty has bestowed upon man. Man should never lose heart; rather he should face his failures in a manly manner. Surely, Allah Almighty will bless with him success one day. 
     Once upon a time, a jackal lived near the bank of a river. There were many fields of melons on the other side of the river. The river was deep and wide. The jackal wanted to eat his fill. He could not cross the river. One day, he said to his friend, a camel, "I shall be very thankful to you if you take me to the other bank of the river." The camel agreed. The jackal jumped onto the back of the camel. The camel waded across the river and reached the other bank. The jackal went into the fields of melons and began to eat melons with relish. 
     It is feared that the world will run out of oil in a few years. Every country is trying to discover more reserves of oil. It is not yet known how much fruit this effort will bring. The need is that we should reduce our needs of oil. The consumption of oil for industry and agriculture cannot be reduced. However, the private needs can be cut down. We should import buses instead of cars so that the facility of buses for the students can be improved. 
     I study in class 10. The school in which I study is a famous school of the city. Four teachers teach my class. They all are able teachers. But I like Mr. Zaid the most. He teaches us English and Mathematics. His method of teaching is so good that what he teaches we learn it then and there. Therefore, his class shows hundred percent results. 
     There was a miser. Once his purse was lost. There were one hundred rupees in the purse. He announced, "I shall give ten rupees to the one who finds my purse and brings it to me." One day, a farmer came with his purse. The miser looked into the purse. It contained the same one hundred rupees. When the farmer demanded his reward, the miser said, "There were one hundred and ten rupees in my purse. Now there are only one hundred rupees in it. You have already taken ten rupees."
     Anarkali is the busiest bazaar of Lahore. It is always thronged with people. The shops remain open till late at night. Here you can buy things of almost every kind. Some people come here to buy things but many people come here just for the fun of it. There are many vendors in Anarkali. They sell buttons, laces, needles, clips and the other things of this kind. Some pickpockets also come into Anarkali. You should beware of these pickpockets if you go to Anarkali.
     It is our moral duty to respect our parents. They take much care of us. They give us food. They give us clothes. They provide us with all the things that we need. They send us to school so that we may serve them after getting education. It will bring us comfort. 

Translate the following paragraphs into English.
     Once two friends set out on a journey. They promised to help each other in trouble. They reached a jungle. They saw a bear coming towards them. One of them ran and climbed up a tree. His friend could not climb up the tree. He lay down and held his breath. 
     Before coming to the city, we lived in a village. We were very happy in the village. We got up early in the morning. After doing ablution, we offered the prayers and then went to the lush green fields for a walk. In the afternoon, we slept in the shade of trees. A stream flowed near the village. Its water was clean and cold. 
     Once a crow was thirsty. He flew from one place to the other but could find no water. At last, he reached a garden. There he saw a pitcher of water. He became very happy. He looked into the pitcher. the water was so low that his beak could not reach it. The crow was clever. He hit upon a plan. 
     More than two hundred and fifty years ago, a boy lived in a small town of Germany. His name was George Fredrick Handle. His father was a famous doctor. One day, the old doctor said to his son, "George, you will enjoy fame one day. You may be a doctor or a judge." George replied, "I want to be neither a doctor nor a judge. I want to devote my life to music." And one day he was really a great musician. 
     Karachi is a beautiful and important city. Karachi is the biggest city of Pakistan. It stands on the shore of the Arabian Sea. Here the climate is temperate. Land breeze and sea breeze keep on blowing here. Once Karachi was the capital of Pakistan. It is a sea port. Our trade with other countries is done through this port. Our dear leader Quaid-e-Azam was born in Karachi. His tomb also stands in this city. The people who visit Karachi, offer "Fateha" at Quaid-e-Azam's tomb.
     Atomic energy can be used for the benefit of man. It can also be used to destroy the world. Atomic energy can produce electricity for us. There is a power station in Karachi. Now-a-days, there are chances that the electricity produced by atomic energy would be cheap. We should use atomic energy only for peaceful purposes. 
     Anwar is my best friend. His father is a teacher. He is a very pious and honest man. Anwar lives near our house. His house is very good and beautiful. We go to school together. In the evening, I go to his house. We study together. He always gets a first in the exams. He wears neat and clean clothes. 
     Milk is a perfect diet. It is sweet and delicious. Its colour is white. We get milk mostly from cows and buffaloes. Milk makes us healthy and strong. We also make curd, butter and cheese from it. Milk is a very useful diet for children and patients. Milk should always be used after being boiled. 

Translate the following paragraphs into English.
     The lion is a powerful animal. It gives a dangerous look. It has long hair (mane) on its neck. It is found in the jungles of Africa and Asia. It lives in caves. It is called the king of jungle. It is a great enemy of man. But the hunters steal its cubs. They train them and make them perform in circus. 
     A young man was sitting in a garden. He was a bit worried. After sometime, an old man entered the garden. He gave the young man a letter. The young man opened the letter and read it. He was very happy to read the letter. The signs of his worry vanished. He thanked the old man. 
     Lahore is an old and historical city. It stands on the bank of the River Ravi. It is the capital of the province, the Punjab. There are many historical buildings in this city. Badshahi Masjid is one of the greatest mosques of the world. The tomb of Allama Iqbal is also situated near Shahi Masjid. Iqbal gave us the idea of Pakistan. The Resolution of Pakistan was passed in Lahore. Minar-e-Pakistan was built as a memorial to this Resolution. It was built in Iqbal Park. 
     Allahdin lived in Beijing, a city in China. His father worked as a tailor. He was a very hardworking man. Allahdin was still a young child when his father died. Allahdin and his mother lived a very poor life. Allahdin was very lazy. He played the whole day in streets and did nothing. However, he was strong and powerful physically. 
     We saw many animals in the zoo. We had never seen these animals before. We all were very happy. My younger brother was particularly happy. He began to jump with joy when he saw a peacock. He said to the father, "Father, can you buy me a peacock? It is a very beautiful animal." The father told that those peacocks were not for sale.  
     My mother loves me very much. She always takes care of my health. She cooks such food as I like. But she stops me from overeating. She gives me fine clothes. She is against costly clothes. She teaches me books regularly. I am a bit weak in English. Therefore, she has arranged a tutor for me. She lays stress on me to study daily. 
     Aurangzaib was a very good-natured and God-fearing king. He used to get up early in the morning and worship Allah. During his reign, he had issued orders to get up early in the morning, worship Allah and do good deeds so that the whole day might pass in peace. He himself used to hold his court with the sunrise. He listened to the appeals of the poor, the needy and the oppressed. He treated them with love. He asked them about their well-being with heed and fulfilled their wishes. 
     The young man had come to assassinate Quaid-e-Azam. When he observed that no one was present around, he took a knife out quickly. He rushed towards Quaid-e-Azam. Allah Almighty has gifted Quaid-e-Azam with great wisdom and courage. He held out his long arm and gripped the hand of the murderer tightly. He called out his private secretary. The criminal was arrested. All the people saw that Quaid-e-Azam was a brave man. 

Translate the following paragraphs into English.
     Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was born in Makkah. His father's name was Abdullah. His grandfather brought him up. When he was twenty five years old, he married Hazrat Khadeeja (RA). When he was forty years old, he said, "I am a prophet of Allah." Listen to me. Allah is one. Worship Him.
     In the old day, a merchant lived in Kabul. He had a son. The merchant's son was fond of getting education from his childhood. The father made him get education with utmost care. He sent him to good teachers. He made him get education in good institutions and provided him with good books. As a result, by the time he was young, he had become expert in most of the branches of knowledge of the age. When the king heard of the fame of his knowledge, he was very happy. The king made the merchant's son his minister and began to take his advice to do every thing. 
    It is our house. I was only five years old when the father bought this house. I have been living in this house for ten years. Our family is very large but this house is very small. The father says that he would sell this house and buy a big one in Gulberg. But I do not want to leave this house. I love this house. 
     Amjad was still a child when his father died. He became an orphan. His uncle brought him in his house. The uncle had no son. He brought him up as his son. Amjad passed his M.A. examination and got a good job. His uncle had become old by this time. Amjad served his uncle as his father. The uncle made Amjad his son-in-law. Amjad became the member of his uncle's family then. 
     Hazrat Ayesha (RA) was the daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique (RA) who was a close companion of the Rasool (SAW). She was the wife of the Rasool (SAW). She lived in a small room. It was just a simple room with a low roof. Hazrat Ayesha (RA) did the household task herself. Her life was simple. She was very intelligent and knew a lot about Islam. 
     Once a crow found a piece of meat. He sat on the branch of a tree. In the meantime, a vixen happened to come there. The vixen said to herself, "I should get the piece from the crow." Nearing the crow, she said, "I have heard that you can sing well. Your voice is very melodious. I want to enjoy your song. Would you do me a favour of letting me hear your song?" The crow was happy with this. 
     It is a picture of our village. There are lush green fields outside the village. Now it is summer. The sun is shining brightly. There lie wheat fields just in front of the village. There is a great hustle and bustle in the wheat fields. The young, the old, men and women are working there together. The crop is ripe. The villagers will harvest and take their crop to the city. There are many things worth-seeing in our village. We are happy in the village. We will make our village beautiful. 
     Hazrat Ali (RA) was the son of the Holy Prophet's (SAW) uncle. The name of the Holy Prophet's (SAW) uncle was Abu Talib. Abu Talib was not a rich man. Hazrat Ali (RA) lived with the Holy Prophet (SAW). He became Muslim at the age of nine. He fought in many battles and killed many infidels. He became Caliph after the death of Hazrat Uaman (RA). He was the fourth Caliph. The Holy Prophet (SAW) married his daughter to him. Hazrat Ali (RA) was a brave man and a scholar. He loved the Holy Prophet (SAW) very much. 

Translate the following paragraphs into English.
     Man shapes his destiny himself. He should work hard and do his duties with devotion so that he may succeed in his life. Hard work is the greatest reality of the world which cannot be denied. If we look into the past, we will come to know that all the great men of the past did their work with hardihood and courage and bettered their lot. Abraham Lincoln was a president of America. If we study his life, we will come to know that he was the son of a woodcutter. But he was fond of getting education. 
     Madina is a holy city of Arabia. It is about three hundred miles away from Makkah. Cars cover this distance in four to five hours. Madina is the city of the Holy Prophet (SAW). There are many mosques here; but Masjid-e-Nabwi is the most famous of all. The shrine of the Holy Prophet (SAW) lies in this mosque. One lakh Muslims can offer their prayers here. There are many hotels in Madina. Old buildings also stand there. 
     I saw the lion from the distance. He was sitting in the bushes. The lion did not see us. I said to my companion, "You should sit here quiet, I go near the lion." After this, I began to advance slowly towards the lion. If I had made a litter noise, he would have run away. At last, I reached near him. I could see him clearly in the leaves. He had not seen me yet. I raised the gun very carefully. 
     A friend of Chaudry Aslam came to see him after a long time. He felt that chaudry looked sad. He asked, "Chaudry Sahib, what is the matter? Why do you remain sad?"
Chaudry: There is nothing particular.
Ayoob: If there is nothing particular, there must be some common problem. Why are you restless?
Chaudry: Who is at peace with himself in the world? There is peace neither during the day not at night.
Ayoob: The world does not agree with you. It is man's cowardice that makes him hopeless.
     It was a winter night. We were asleep. All of a sudden, someone knocked at the door. My father and I woke up. We thought there might be a thief. Therefore, we took the gun and reached the door. My father asked, "Who is at the door?" There came the reply, "I am a poor hungry man." We opened the door. We took him inside and gave him something to eat. He thanked us and went away. 
     Education is free up to the middle classes now. Now the children of the poor will also be able to get education. The government of Pakistan has taken the schools and colleges under its control. Everyone in the country will enjoy equal rights. The government will give scholarships to the intelligent children. They will be able to get education in high-ranking educational institutions. We will build a new powerful Pakistan. We should struggle for the development of the country. 
     Aabi was my childhood friend. We played and got education together. Then, after I had passed my intermediate examination, I was married. I with my husband went to England. I did not get any news of Aabi whether she got further education or was married. When I returned to homeland after five years, I, one day, suddenly, ran across Aabi's elder sister in the bazaar. Tears wetted hers eyes when I asked her about Aabi impatiently. My house was nearby. I took her with me so that she might tell me something about Aabi in a relaxed mood. 
     The president has stressed upon the writers, poets, intellectuals, thinkers and scholars  to help the government, through their literary works, in making the country an Islamic welfare state. The president was addressing a big gathering of poets and writers in the introductory ceremony of a book, yesterday. 


QUESTION NO. 1 (Assertive Sentences)
1. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) She says, "I hope I am not late."
Indirect Speech: She says that she hopes she is not late.
(ii) She says, "We have shifted to another house."
Indirect Speech: She says that they have shifted to another house.
(iii) He says, "She has written me a very encouraging letter."
Indirect Speech: He says that she has written him a very encouraging letter.
(iv) They say, "We have done our duty."
Indirect Speech: They say that they have done their duty.
(v) She says, "We love and respect our neighbours very much."
Indirect Speech: She says that they love and respect their neighbours very much.
(vi) He says, "I have not heard the latest news about her."
Indirect Speech: He says that he has not heard the latest news about her.
(vii) The doctor says, "The patient is still in a state of coma."
Indirect Speech: The doctor says that the patient is still in a state of coma.
(viii) The teacher says, "She has always been a good student."
Indirect Speech: The teacher says that she has always been a good student.
(ix) They say, "Our teacher is on leave today."
Indirect Speech: They say that their teacher is on leave today.
(x) He says, "I want to speak to you."
Indirect Speech: He says to me that he wants to speak to me.
(xi) You will say, "She is cranky."
Indirect Speech: You will say that she is cranky.
(xii) The teacher will say, "You have done your work very well."
Indirect Speech: The teacher will say to us that we have done our work very well.
(xiii) She will say, "He did not come up to my expectations."
Indirect Speech: She will say that he did not come to her expectations.
(xiv) You have said, "They are waiting outside."
Indirect Speech: You have said that they are waiting outside.
(xv) She has said, "She is ready to accompany us to Karachi."
Indirect Speech: She has said that she is ready to accompany them to Karachi.
2. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) He said, "I am not a thief."
Indirect Speech: He said that he was not a thief.
(ii) She said, "I am working hard."
Indirect Speech: She said that she was working hard.
(iii) He said, "I am unwell."
Indirect Speech: He said that he was unwell.
(iv) She said, "I am helping my mother in the kitchen."
Indirect Speech: She said that she was helping her mother in the kitchen.
(v) He said, "I am watering the plants in the garden."
Indirect Speech: He said that he was watering the plants in the garden.
(vi) Afshan said, "I am sewing mother's shirt."
Indirect Speech: Afshan said that she was sewing mother's shirt.
(vii) She said, "I am going to college."
Indirect Speech: She said that she was going to college.
(viii) They said, "Our teacher is on leave."
Indirect Speech: They said that their teacher was on leave.
(ix) She said to me, "You are a lazy boy."
Indirect Speech: She said to me that I was a lazy boy.
(x) He said, "They are not doing their duty well."
Indirect Speech: He said that they were not doing their duty well.
(xi) He said to me, "You are not running very fast."
Indirect Speech: He said to me that I was not running very fast.
(xii) He said to me, "I was writing a letter."
Indirect Speech: He said to me that he had been writing a letter.
(xiii) He said, "I have returned the books."
Indirect Speech: He said that he had returned the books.
(xiv) The teacher said to Mueen, "I have taught you and your sister."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to Mueen that he had taught him and his sister.
(xv) They said, "We have done our duty."
Indirect Speech: They said that they had done their duty.

QUESTION NO. 2 (Assertive Sentences)
1. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) The teacher said to us, "You have not completed your drawing."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to us that we had not completed our drawing.
(ii) She said, "They have not eaten their meals."
Indirect Speech: She said that they had not eaten their meals.
(iii) The teacher said, "I have often told you not to play with fire."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to me that he had often told me not to play with fire.
(iv) My brother said to me, "You have missed the point completely."
Indirect Speech: My brother said to me that I had missed the point completely.
(v) She said, "She will go there."
Indirect Speech: She said that she would go there.
(vi) Afshan said, "They will wait for us for one hour only."
Indirect Speech: Afshan said that they would wait for them for one hour only.
(vii) She said, "I shall never do such a thing."
Indirect Speech: She said that she would never do such a thing.
(viii) They said, "We shall never make a promise we cannot fulfill."
Indirect Speech: They said that they would never make a promise they could not fulfill.
(ix) She said, "I like the clouds in the sky."
Indirect Speech: She said that she liked the clouds in the sky.
(x) Arif and Ayesha said to their mother, "We like mangoes."
Indirect Speech: Arif and Ayesha said to their mother that they liked mangoes.
(xi) He said, "I always wake up early in the morning."
Indirect Speech: He said that he always woke up early in the morning.
(xii) She said, "I do not agree with you."
Indirect Speech: She said to me that she did not agree with me.
(xiii) He said to the stranger, "I do not recognize you."
Indirect Speech: He said to the stranger that he did not recognize him.
(xiv) She said, "The patient died in the hospital."
Indirect Speech: She said that the patient had died in the hospital.
(xv) She said, "He rang me up at twelve midnight."
Indirect Speech: She said that he had rung her up at twelve midnight.
2. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) She said, "I am doing my home task now."
Indirect Speech: She said that she was doing her home task then.
(ii) He said, "I shall explain this to you only if you listen to me with patience."
Indirect Speech: He said to me that he would explain that to me only if I listened to him with patience. 
(iii) He said to her, "I live in this building."
Indirect Speech: He said to her that he lived in that building. 
(iv) He said, "I like this song."
Indirect Speech: He said that he liked that song. 
(v) He said, "I hope you will not repeat this mistake."
Indirect Speech: He said to me that he hoped I would not repeat that mistake. 
(vi) He said, "I completed my drawing half an hour ago."
Indirect Speech: He said that he had completed his drawing half an hour before. 
(vii) He said, "The rain fell last night."
Indirect Speech: He said that the rain had fallen the previous night. 
(viii) He said, "She sang a beautiful ghazal at the concert last night."
Indirect Speech: He said that she had sung a beautiful ghazal at the concert the previous night. 
(ix) She said, "I did not go to school yesterday."
Indirect Speech: She said that she had not gone to school the previous day. 
(x) He said, "The boys did not put up a good show last night."
Indirect Speech: He said that the boys had not put up a good show the previous night. 
(xi) My father said to me, "Honesty is the best policy."
Indirect Speech: My father said to me that honesty is the best policy. 
(xii) The teacher said to us, "God helps those who help themselves."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to us that God helps those who help themselves. 
(xiii) He said, "Two and two make four."
Indirect Speech: He said that two and two make four. 
(xiv) The teacher said to us, "The earth revolves around the sun."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to us that the earth revolves around the sun. 
(xv) The teacher said to us, "A black sheep spoils the whole flock."
Indirect Speech: The teacher said to us that a black sheep spoils the whole flock. 

QUESTION NO. 3 (Interrogative Sentences)
1. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) She said, "Is this your book?"
Indirect Speech: She asked me whether that was my book.
(ii) She said, "Are you going to Lahore today?"
Indirect Speech: She asked me whether I was going to Lahore that day. 
(iii) He said, "Aren't you ashamed of yourself?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I was not ashamed of myself.
(iv) They said, "Have you ever visited Murree Hills?
Indirect Speech: They asked me whether I had ever visited Murree Hills.
(v) The judge said, "Have you anything more to say?"
Indirect Speech: The judge asked him whether he had anything more to say.
(vi) He said, "Do you have any share in this firm?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I had any share in that firm.
(vii) Adnan said, "Had you left Karachi before writing this letter?"
Indirect Speech: Adnan asked me whether I had left Karachi before writing that letter.
(viii) He said, "Will you listen to me?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I would listen to him. 
(ix) Rehana said, "Will you stop interfering my work?"
Indirect Speech: Rehana asked me whether I would stop interfering her work.
(x) The mother said, "Shall we invite Qureshis also?"
Indirect Speech: The mother asked whether they should invite Qureshis also.
(xi) He said to me, "Do you like music?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I liked music.
(xii) He said, "Do you agree with me?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I agreed with him. 
(xiii) I said to him, "Do you take exercise daily?"
Indirect Speech: I asked him whether he took exercise daily. 
(xiv) The teacher said, "Did you do your home task yesterday?"
Indirect Speech: The teacher asked me whether I had done my home task the previous day.
(xv) The mother said, "Didn't I ask you not to go there?"
Indirect Speech: The mother asked me whether she had not asked me not to go there. 
2. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) He said to me, "What are you looking for?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me what I was looking for. 
(ii) He said, "What do you want me to do?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me what I wanted him to do. 
(iii) The boy said, "What do you want me to do?"
Indirect Speech: The boy asked me what I wanted him to do. 
(iv) She said, "Where do you live?"
Indirect Speech: She asked me where I lived. 
(v) Raza said, "Where are you going?"
Indirect Speech: Raza asked me where I was going. 
(vi) The pupil said, "Where have I eased?"
Indirect Speech: The pupil asked where he had eased.
(vii) The mother said, "How did you fair in your examination?"
Indirect Speech: The mother asked me how I had faired in my examination.
(viii) The manager said, "How do you propose to solve this problem?"
Indirect Speech: The manager asked me how I proposed to solve that problem.
(ix) He said, "How many chapters have you done already?"
Indirect Speech: He asked me how many chapters I had done by that time. 
(x) She said to him, "Why did you come late?"
Indirect Speech: She asked him why he had come late. 
(xi) He said, "When will you come?"
Indirect Speech:  He asked me when I would come.
(xii) The teacher said, "Who is the author of this book?"
Indirect Speech: The teacher asked who the author of that book was.
(xiii) The teacher said, "Who is next on list?"
Indirect Speech: The teacher asked who next on list was.
(xiv) The teacher said, "Whose is this book?"
Indirect Speech: The teacher asked whose that book was.
(xv) The stranger said, "Which is the way to Shalimar Gardens?"
Indirect Speech: The stranger asked which the way to Shalimar Gardens was.

QUESTION NO. 4 (Imperative Sentences)
1. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) The referee said, "Quiet, please."
Indirect Speech: The referee requested the spectators to be quiet. 
(ii) He said to his sister, "Please say something."
Indirect Speech: He requested his sister to say something. 
(iii) She said to me, "Please lend me your camera for a day."
Indirect Speech: She requested me to lend her my camera for a day. 
(iv) He said to his friend, "Please lend me your bike for a day."
Indirect Speech: He requested his friend to lend him his bike for a day. 
(v) Ali said to me, "Please lend me your pen."
Indirect Speech: Ali requested me to lend him my pen. 
(vi) She said to her friends, "Please have dinner with me tomorrow at eight."
Indirect Speech: She requested her friends to have dinner with her the next day at eight. 
(vii) Farhan said to his uncle, "Please help me in getting some job."
Indirect Speech: Farhan requested his uncle to help him in getting some job.
(viii) He said to me, "Please help me."
Indirect Speech: He requested me to help him. 
(ix) He said to her, "Please fetch me a glass of water."
Indirect Speech: He requested her to fetch him a glass of water.
(x) She said to her neighbour, "Please take care of my son."
Indirect Speech: She requested her neighbour to take care of her son. 
(xi) The mother said to her daughter, "Please tidy up your room."
Indirect Speech: The mother advised her daughter to tidy up her room.
(xii) The master said to the servant, "Go and fetch me a glass of milk."
Indirect Speech: The master ordered the servant to go and fetch him a glass of milk.
(xiii) The judge said, "Call the next witness."
Indirect Speech: The judge ordered to call the next witness.
(xiv) The officer said to the clerk, "Do it immediately."
Indirect Speech: The officer ordered the clerk to do it immediately. 
(xv) The teacher said to the boys, "Leave the room at once."
Indirect Speech: The teacher ordered the bosy to leave the room at once. 
2. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) She said to me, "Tell the truth."
Indirect Speech: She advised me to tell the truth.
(ii) The doctor said to the patient, "Take complete rest and follow my direction."
Indirect Speech: The doctor advised the patient to take complete rest and follow his direction.
(iii) The father said to his son, "Get up early in the morning and go for a walk."
Indirect Speech: The father advised his son to get up early in the morning and go for a walk. 
(iv) The teacher said to the students, "Work hard."
Indirect Speech: The teacher advised the students to work hard.
(v) The father said to his son, "Work hard lest you should fail."
Indirect Speech: The father advised his son to work hard lest he should fail. 
(vi) The teacher said to the pupil, "Read the paragraph and explain it in simple English."
Indirect Speech: The teacher advised the pupil to read the paragraph and explain it in simple English.
(vii) The teacher said, "Do not make a noise."
Indirect Speech: The teacher forbade to make a noise.
(viii) They said to me, "Do not tell a lie."
Indirect Speech: They forbade me to tell a lie.
(ix) She said to me, "Do not waste your time in idle talk."
Indirect Speech: She forbade me to waste my time in idle talk. 
(x) The father said to his son, "Do not leave this room without my permission."
Indirect Speech: The father forbade his son to leave that room without his permission. 
(xi) Roshana said, "Let us finish our work first."
Indirect Speech: Roshana proposed that they should finish their work first. 
(xii) Afshan said, "Let us go for a picnic on Friday."
Indirect Speech: Afshan proposed that they should go for a picnic on Friday.
(xiii) She said to them, "Let us not deceive ourselves."
Indirect Speech: She proposed them that they should not deceive themselves. 
(xiv) He said to his wife, "Le us go for shopping."
Indirect Speech: He suggested his wife that they should go for shopping.
(xv) Farhat said, "Let us enjoy ourselves for an hour first."
Indirect Speech: Farhat proposed that they should enjoy themselves for an hour first. 
QUESTION NO. 5 (Exclamatory & Optative Sentences)
1. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) He said, "Hurrah! We have won the match."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with joy that they had won the match. 
(ii) He said, "Hurrah! I have won the medal."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with joy that he had won the medal.
(iii) She said, "Hurrah! I have been selected for the job."
Indirect Speech: She exclaimed with joy that she had been selected to the job. 
(iv) He said, "Alas! I am ruined."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined.
(v) He said, "Alas! We cannot defeat our enemies."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with sorrow that they could not defeat their enemies. 
(vi) She said, "Alas! I failed in exams."
Indirect Speech: She exclaimed with sorrow that she had failed in exams.
(vii) He said, "Oh! It's a bad news."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with sorrow that it was a bad news. 
(viii) He said, "Oh no, I missed the train."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with sorrow that he had missed the train. 
(ix) The girls said, "What a beautiful sight!"
Indirect Speech: The girls exclaimed with wonder that it was a very beautiful sight. 
(x) He said, "What a beautiful piece of art!"
Indirect Speech: He explained with wonder that it was a very beautiful piece of art. 
(xi) He said, "What a wonderful painting is this!"
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with wonder that that was a very wonderful painting. 
(xii) They said, "Wow! What a pleasant weather it is."
Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with wonder that it was a very pleasant weather. 
(xiii) She said, "What a pity you missed that function!"
Indirect Speech:  She exclaimed with sorrow that I had missed that function. 
(xiv) He said, "How well she sings!"
Indirect Speech: He explained with wonder that she sang very well. 
(xv) She said to her servant, "How foolish you are!"
Indirect Speech: She exclaimed with wonder that her servant was very foolish. 
2. Change the following sentences into the indirect form of narration.
(i) He said, "May Allah help me do my duty!"
Indirect Speech: He prayed that Allah might help him to do his duty. 
(ii) She said to her father, "May you live long!"
Indirect Speech: She prayed for her father that he might live long. 
(iii) She said, "May you prosper!"
Indirect Speech: She prayed that I might prosper. 
(iv) The mother said to her daughter, "May Allah bless you with a son!"
Indirect Speech: The mother prayed for her daughter that Allah might bless her with a son. 
(v) The mother said to her son, "May you return successful!"
Indirect Speech: The mother prayed for her son that he might return successful. 
(vi) He said to me, "May you succeed in your mission!"
Indirect Speech: He prayed for me that I might succeed in my mission. 
(vii) He said, "May you get through your exam with good marks!"
Indirect Speech: He prayed that I might get through my exam with good marks. 
(viii) He said to me, "May you find your lost camera!"
Indirect Speech: He prayed for me that I might find my lost camera.
(ix) She said, "May my son stand first in the class!"
Indirect Speech: She prayed that her son might stand first in the class. 
(x) Mr. Khan said, "May Allah save me!"
Indirect Speech: Mr. Khan said that Allah might save him. 
(xi) He said, "Would that I were rich!"
Indirect Speech: He wished that he had been rich.
(xii) She said, "Would that my father were alive!"
Indirect Speech: She wished that her father had been alive. 
(xiii) The old man said, "Would that I were young!"
Indirect Speech: The old man wished that he had been young. 
(xiv) He said, "Would that I were born in England!"
Indirect Speech: He wished that he had been born in England. 
(xv) I said to him, "Would that you were here on Sunday!"
Indirect Speech: I wished that he had been there on Sunday.