Monday, 25 December 2017

DAY TWELVE - ESSAYS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 10)

Essay No. 7

My Hobby

A hobby a day keeps the doldrums away. 
(Phyllis McGinley)

     Life without a hobby is like food without salt. A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time. Different people have different hobbies. Some people like cooking, reading or singing while the others like dancing, playing or painting etc. However, my hobby is gardening because I love Nature.
     At the back of my house, there is a small plot of land. I have planted a flower garden there. The plants include Euphorbia, Buttercup, Primrose, Jasmine, Lily, Marigold, Magnolia, Rose and Sunflower etc. Some of the plants are seasonal while the others are perennial.
     I work hard in my garden. I water the plants daily. I till the soil regularly. I trim the plants timely. I sow the seeds seasonally. I manure the soil routinely. I clear the weeds promptly. I mow the grass every Sunday. Thus I play the role of a mother for my garden.
     Gardening imparts a good effect on my body. When a bud grows into a flower, it fills my heart with pleasure. The greenery of plants and the colours of flowers are a feast for my eyes. The hues and fragrance of flowers are a tonic for my mind. The cool and fresh air is a blessing for my lungs.
     My hobby takes me away from the world of worries, tensions and pollution. I never feel lonely or sad in the company of plants. My hobby inspires my imagination and reveals to me the glory of Allah Almighty. In short, my hobby keeps me physically fit, mentally fresh and psychologically balanced.

Essay No. 8

Village Life

God made the country, and man made the town. 
(William Cowper)

     A village is a clustered human community, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Homes are situated together for sociability and defence, and the land surrounding the living quarters is farmed. Natural beauty, purity, unity, hospitality, poverty, illiteracy, superstitions and lack of modern facilities are the hallmarks of village life.
     There are many benefits of village life. Villagers eat fresh vegetables, fruits and eggs. They drink pure milk. They wear simple dresses. Moreover, the quiet and peace of village life give opportunity for thought, study and mental development.
     However, there is no special fun for villagers. Gossip, marriage ceremonies and fairs are the only amusements for them. They gossip to express their pent-up emotions. At weddings, they get a chance to dance, sing, wear and eat according to their customs. Fairs provide villagers a welcome relief.
     There are many disadvantages of village life. Villages lack good roads, schools, hospitals, factories and amusement parks. The villagers are mostly poor, illiterate and superstitious. There are less opportunities of employment in villages.
     There are evidently some downsides of village life, but it is better than city life. It is an ideal life if education and modern facilities are provided to villages. Villages are the cradle of human civilization and humans can get tranquility, self-satisfaction and spiritual exultation only in villages. 

Essay No. 9

Sports and Games

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 
(Proverb)

     Sports and games have been around us since centuries. They are no less important than food and fresh water. Sports are usually physical activities while games involve mental exertion. They provide physical fitness, mental health and entertainment. They teach us the lesson of discipline, teamwork, patience, punctuality and obedience. 
     The history of sports and games extends as far back as the beginnings of military training. Artifacts suggest sports in China as early as 2000 BC. Monuments of Pharaohs indicate the presence of sports in  Egypt. However, these were the Greeks who introduced Olympic Games officially.
     There are two major types of sports and games; outdoor and indoor. Outdoor sports such as football, cricket and hockey are famous and popular all over the world. Indoor games such as chess, boxing, squash and snooker are also renowned and have significant participant and fan base.
     Sports and games keep our bodies healthy, fit and robust. Sports require the participant to undertake quick movement of limbs. This stimulates the participant's blood circulation, hence it makes the body to become stronger, sturdier and healthier.
     Sports and games also have a sense of psychological and emotional bearing on participants. When one wins, it emboldens the participant and creates a sense of pride to the winner. The loser, however, learns to accept defeat, and is encouraged to train harder and aim for a victory next time.

Monday, 18 December 2017

SPORTS AND GAMES - ESSAYS FOR CLASS 10 WITH QUOTATIONS

Sports and Games

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 
(Proverb)

     Sports and games have been around us since centuries. They are no less important than food and fresh water. Sports are usually physical activities while games involve mental exertion. Both play an important role in the development of human personality. They provide physical fitness, mental health and entertainment. They teach us the lesson of discipline, teamwork, patience, punctuality and obedience. 
     The history of sports and games may extend as far back as the beginnings of military training. Artifacts and structures suggest sports in China as early as 2000 BC. Monuments of Pharaohs indicate the presence of sports in ancient Egypt. However, these were the Greeks who introduced Olympic Games officially, which were held every four year in a small village called Olympia.
     There are two major types of sports and games; outdoor and indoor. Outdoor sports such as football, cricket, hockey, tennis, baseball, basketball and volleyball are famous and popular all over the world. Indoor games such as chess, wrestling, badminton, table tennis, boxing, squash and snooker are also renowned and have significant participant and fan base.
     Sports and games have a great social importance. Since time immemorial, sports have always brought together people from different parts of the world. In Rome, for example, the so-called "Gladiator" games where people from all over Rome could assemble in an arena and watch Gladiators fight to the death. It was a major point of socialization.
     Sports and games keep our bodies healthy, fit and robust. Sports require the participant to undertake quick movement of limbs. This stimulates the participant's blood circulation, hence it makes the body to become stronger, sturdier and healthier. Immunity against diseases, better sleep, retention and prevention of memory loss are the other health benefits of sports and games.
     Sports and games also have a sense of psychological and emotional bearing on participants. Following of the laid down rules of sports or games fosters discipline and obedience. When one wins, it emboldens the participant and creates a sense of pride to the winner. The loser, however, learns to accept defeat, and is encouraged to train harder and aim for a victory next time.
Winner never quit and quitters never win. 
(Vince Lombardi) 

Wednesday, 6 December 2017

VILLAGE LIFE - ESSAYS FOR CLASS 10 WITH QUOTATIONS

Village Life

God made the country, and man made the town. 
(William Cowper)

     A village is a clustered human community, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Homes are situated together for sociability and defence, and the land surrounding the living quarters is farmed. Natural beauty, purity, unity, hospitality, poverty, illiteracy, superstitions and lack of modern facilities are the hallmarks of village life.
     Nature resides in villages. Villagers get abundant opportunity to enjoy the beautiful gifts of nature. They enjoy the beauty of the setting sun, the lovely moon, the twinkling stars, the singing birds, the delightful fields and the luscious gardens. Children run in the open fields, swim in the river or pounds and climb trees. Moreover, people living in villages breathe pure air.
     There are many other benefits of village life. Villagers eat fresh vegetables, fruits and eggs. They drink pure milk. They wear simple dresses. The cost of living in villages is lower as compared to cities. There is no willing to luxury in village lifestyle. Moreover, the quiet and peace of village life give opportunity for thought, study and mental development.
     However, there is no special fun for villagers. Gossip, marriage ceremonies and fairs are the only amusements for them. They gossip to express their pent-up emotions. At wedding ceremonies, they get a chance to dance, sing, wear and eat according to their customs and traditions. Fairs provide villagers a welcome relief. At fairs, villagers dance, do shopping and relish a variety of foods.
     There are many disadvantages of village life. Villages lack good roads, schools, hospitals, factories and amusement parks. The villagers are mostly poor, illiterate, superstitious, prejudiced and narrow minded. There are less opportunities of employment in villages. Agriculture and rearing of livestock are the main occupations which require a lot a hard work and very low earning.
     There are evidently some downsides of village life, but it is better than city life. It is an ideal life if education and modern facilities are provided to villages. Villages are the cradle of human civilization and humans can get tranquility, contentment, harmony, self-satisfaction and spiritual exultation only in villages. Hence village life has been cherished highly by poets, thinkers and philosophers.
Life is really simple, but men insist on making it complicated. 
(Confucius) 

Sunday, 3 December 2017

MY HOBBY - ESSAYS FOR CLASS 10 WITH QUOTATIONS

My Hobby

A hobby a day keeps the doldrums away. 
(Phyllis McGinley)

     Life without a hobby is like food without salt. A hobby is an activity, interest, enthusiasm, or pastime that is undertaken for pleasure or relaxation, done during one's leisure time. Different people have different hobbies. Some people like cooking, reading or singing while the others like dancing, playing or painting etc. However, my hobby is gardening because I love Nature.
     At the back of my house, there is a small plot of land. I have planted a flower garden there. The plants include Euphorbia, Star of Bethlehem, Buttercup, Lady's Mantle, Primrose, Prince's Feather, Jasmine, Bachelor's Button, Lily, Marigold, Magnolia, Rose and Sunflower etc. Some of the plants are seasonal while the others are perennial.
     I work hard in my garden. I water the plants daily. I till the soil regularly. I trim the plants timely. I sow the seeds seasonally. I manure the soil routinely. I clear the weeds promptly. I mow the grass every Sunday. I protect the plants from adverse weather, hostile pests and harmful diseases. Thus I play the role of a mother for my garden.
     The beauty of my garden is a great attraction for everything. Birds, bees and butterflies keep on visiting my garden. The cool and fresh air keeps on blowing here. My friends and relatives often visit my garden to enjoy the company of Nature. Even in the evening, fireflies visit and emit their lights to show their happiness in my garden.
     Gardening imparts a good effect on each part of my body. When a bud grows into a flower, it fills my heart with pleasure. The greenery of plants and the colours of flowers are a feast for my eyes. The hues and fragrance of flowers are a tonic for my mind. The cool and fresh air is a blessing for my lungs. Watering, tilling, trimming, sowing and mowing are an exercise for my limbs.
     My hobby takes me away from the world of cares, worries, tensions, anxieties, frustrations, pollution and noise. I never feel lonely, sad or bored in the company of plants. My hobby inspires my imagination and gives me noble thoughts. It reveals to me the glory of Allah Almighty. In short, my hobby keeps me physically fit, mentally fresh and psychologically balanced.

The love of gardening is a seed once sown that never dies. 
(Gertrude Jekyll)

Saturday, 18 November 2017

DAY ELEVEN - ESSAYS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 10)

Essay No. 4

Courtesy

The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character. 
(Hazrat Muhammad SAW)

     Courtesy means excellence of manners or polite behaviour. It, of course, springs from good breeding and kindness of heart. The words "Assalam-o-Alaikum", "Please", "Thank You", and "Sorry" are the hallmarks of courtesy. 
     When courteous people meet, they greet one another saying, "good morning" or "good evening" according to the time of the day. Muslims greet one another, saying "Assalam-o-Alaikum". A Muslim's greeting is a kind of wind, a prayer for mutual happiness, peace and security. 
     A courteous man always says "Please" when he asks someone to give him something or to do something for him. However, he does not say "Please" over and over again as a way to beg for something he wants. He also says "Thank You" while acknowledging a gift or service from others. 
      Courtesy demands that we should use the polite expression "Sorry" to apologize for something. To say "Sorry" is one of the core reparative opportunities in damaged or strained relations. To say "Sorry" is not an act of weakness or surrender. It only means to be broad-minded and courteous. 
     A courteous man observes good manners on all occasions and respects the feelings of others. He makes no attempt to jump the queue. In a crowded bus, he gives up his seat to an elderly person or someone who is blind, disabled or sick. In short, courtesy keeps the machine of everyday life oiled and makes it more pleasant and meaningful.

Essay No. 5
     
A True Muslim

A Muslim is true if there is no difference between his claim and conduct. 

     The follower of the religion of Islam is called a Muslim. To be a Muslim is a great blessing of Allah. A true Muslim is one who has a resolute faith in the basic doctrines of Islam. He performs religious practices sincerely. He observes all his duties which he owes to mankind. He is thirsty of knowledge.  He is a true lover of the Holy Prophet (SAW). He is, in fact, a 'Monin' in other words.
     Firstly, a true Muslim has a firm belief in the basic doctrines of Islam. He believes in the absolute unity of Allah. He trusts in angels. He has faith in prophets, the final one being Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). He confides in scriptures. He is certain of the Day of Judgment.
    Secondly, a true Muslim performs religious practices honestly. He offers his prayers five times a day. He keeps fasts during the month of Ramadan. If he is wealthy, he pays zakat to the needy and the poor. If he is healthy and wealthy, he performs Hajj.
     Thirdly, a true Muslim performs all his duties which he owes to mankind. He respects his elders, parents, teachers, neighbours and relatives. He loves children. He is the one from whose hand and tongue all Muslims are safe. A true Muslims is ever eager to seek knowledge.
     Lastly, the hallmark of a true Muslim is his earnest love for the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). He loves the Holy Prophet (SAW) more than anything else in this world, including his own life.

Essay No. 6
    
My Favourite Book

Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested. 
(Francis Bacon)

     Reading is the exercise of mind mostly done with books. A book is a volume of many sheets of paper bounder together, containing text, illustrations, photographs, or other kind of information. I have read many books but the Holy Quran my favourite book.
     The Holy Quran is basically a religious book of Muslims. It was revealed to the last prophet of Allah, Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). The angel Gabriel brought it in the 7th century A.D. in installments. It is in Arabic. It has 30 sections, 114 chapters and 6,666 verses.
     Recitation of the Holy Quran is the core of religious devotion. It is recited on many different occasions. It is recited in prayers. Ventures and public meetings are started with its recitation. The art of recitation is called 'tajwid' or tartil'.
     I get up early in the morning. After offering the morning prayer, I recite a few verses from the Holy Quran and study the Urdu paraphrase of these verses. These verses teach me the spiritual, social and legal codes of conduct etc.
     In short, the Holy Quran has more qualities than pens can write or words can describe. It is an encyclopedia of knowledge, wisdom and morality. So we should study it with paraphrase and act upon the golden tidings given in it. It can make us true Muslims and ideal persons for society. Thus I love it very much.


Friday, 17 November 2017

DAY TEN - ESSAYS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 10)

Essay No. 1

My Last Day at School

Memory is the treasury and guardian of all things. 
(Marcus Tullius Cicero)

     Days pass however the memories they leave refuse to die. My last day at school is one of those bygone days whose memory is still fresh in my mind. It was one of the golden days of my life. It was a day of sadness as well as preparedness. 
    I had spent twelve years in my school. I had learnt many lessons. I had made many friends. I had developed great respect for my teachers. I had participated in many co-curricular activities. I had won many prizes. In fact, I had enjoyed my stay at school. 
     A sunny day of March was my last day at school. The holidays preparatory to the final examination were going to start from the next day. All the students were in their best clothes. Our juniors of ninth class had hosted a farewell party for us. We were entertained with burgers and cold drinks. 
     However, the best part of the farewell party was our headmaster's speech. He gave us many pieces of advice. He advised us to be honest, truthful and upright in our dealings. I will never forget his words, "Hard work and perseverance is a key to success."
     Finally we came out of the hall and gathered in the garden. I looked at the school thoughtfully. The school building, the playground, the class rooms and even the school library seemed to whisper to me how they would miss me. Even the last day at school had ended.

Essay No. 2

A Visit to a Hill Station

The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page. 
(Augustine of Hippo)

     I am mad about tourism because I have an adventurous spirit. I have visited many attractive places of Pakistan like Shalimar Gardens, Faisal Mosque, Lahore Zoo, Manora, Mohenjo-daro and Murree Hills. However, my visit to Naran in the Kaghan Valley surpasses all and is unforgettable.
     I visited Naran with my family. It was a sunny morning of May 2017. We packed our luggage and seated in our car. My father sat at the driving seat and we left for Abbotabad. We reached there in the afternoon. The journey was tiring so we slept soundly for the night in a hotel.
     Next morning we left for Balakot. On the way, we passed by Jangal Mangal and Jabba. There were very sharp, hairpin turns on the road near Batrasi. We saw the conjunction point where the river Kunhar meets two other streams near Gari Habibullah. We reached Shogran in the evening.
     Next morning we left for Naran. The road to Nara was in a bad shape. It was high in upper half of the high mountain slope and the river Kunhar looked like a ribbon below. Our car crossed about eight glaciers from Kaghan to Naran.
     At last, we reached Naran, the most scenic town of Pakistan. It was very still in the woods around Naran. The were logs in the river Kunhar. What should I say about lake Saiful-Maluk, it is nevertheless the most beautiful lake in the world. In short short, It was an extremely enjoyable and unforgettable trip.

Essay No. 3
    
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Jinnah is a historic personality which takes birth once in a century. 
(Mussolini)

     Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the brightest star in the history of Pakistan. He had a multidimensional personality and his achievements in different fields were numerous. He was a great lawyer, a distinguished politician, a resolute freedom-fighter, a dynamic Muslim leader and above all the founder of Pakistan.
     Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on December 25, 1876. He got his early education from Karachi. After his matriculation, he was sent to England for higher studies. He qualified Lincoln's Inn as a brilliant barrister.
     On his return to India, he started law-practice in Karachi and afterwards moved to Bombay. Then he joined the Indian National Congress in 1906. But the narrow vision of certain communal leaders disappointed him. Thus he joined the Muslim League in 1913.
     In 1916, Jinnah became the president of the Muslim League. He worked hard for a separate homeland for the Muslims. The odds were against him. But he grappled with every problem. August 14, 1947 was the day of his triumph. Pakistan appeared on the map of the world.
     Flowers must die before thorns otherwise they would not be flowers. Jinnah took oath of office as the first Governor General of Pakistan. However, his health had been breaking down under a heavy pressure of work. He died in harness in Karachi on September 11, 1948.

DAY FIFTEEN - DIRECT AND INDIRECT NARRATION (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 10)

DIRECT AND INDIRECT NARRATION

SET NO. 2
36. She said, "Is this your book?"
She asked me whether that was my book. 
37. She said, "Are you going to Lahore today?"
She asked me whether I was going to Lahore that day. 
38. They said, "Have you ever visited Murree Hills?"
They asked me whether I have ever visited Murree Hills. 
39. The judge said, "Have you anything more to say?"
The judge asked him whether he had anything more to say. 
40. He said, "Will you listen to me?"
He asked me whether I would listen to him.
41. The mother said, "Shall we invite Qureshis also?"
The mother asked whether they should invite Qureshis also.
42. He said, "Do you agree with me?"
He asked whether I agreed with him.
43. The teacher said, "Did you do your home task yesterday?"
The teacher asked me whether I had done my home task the previous day.
44. He said to me, "What are you looking for?"
He asked me what I was looking for.
45. He said, "What do you want me to do?"
He asked me what I wanted him to do.
46. She said, "Where do you live?"
She asked me where I lived.
47. Raza said, "Where are you going?"
Raza asked me where I was going.
48. The mother said, "How did you fail in your examination?"
The mother asked me how I had failed in my examination.
49. The teacher said, "Who is the author of this book?"
The teacher asked who the author of that book was.
50. The teacher said, "Who is next on list?"
The teacher asked who next on list was.
51. The teacher said, "Whose is this book?"
The teacher asked whose that book was.
52. The stranger said, "Which is the way to Shalimar Gardens?"
The stranger asked which the which the way the Shalimar Gardens was.
53. The referee said, "Quiet, please."
The referee requested the spectators to be quiet.
54. He said to his sister, "Please say something."
He requested his sister to say something.
55. She said to me, "Please lend me your camera for a day."
She requested me to lend her my camera for a day.
56. He said to her, "Please fetch me a glass of water."
He requested her to fetch him a glass of water.
57. The mother said to her daughter, "Please tidy up your room."
The mother advised her daughter to tidy up her room.
58. The master said to the servant, "Go and fetch me a glass of milk."
The master ordered the servant to go and fetch him a glass of milk.
59. The judge said, "Call the next witness."
The judge ordered to call the next witness.
60. She said to me, "Tell the truth."
She advised me to tell the truth.
61. The father said to his son, "Get up early in the morning and go for a walk."
The father advised his son to get up early in the morning and go for a walk.
62. The teacher said, "Do not make a noise."
The teacher forbade to make a noise.
63. She said to me, "Do not waste your time in idle talk."
She forbade me to waste my time in idle talk.
64. The father said to his son, "Do not leave this room without my permission."
The father forbade his son to leave that room without his permission.
65. Roshana said, "Let us finish our work first."
Roshana proposed that they should finish their work first.
66. Afshan said, "Let us go for a picnic on Friday."
Afshan proposed that they should go for a picnic on Friday.
67. He said, "May Allah help me to do my duty!"
He prayed that Allah might help him to do his duty.
68. She said to her father, "May you live long!"
She prayed for her father that he might live long.
69. She said, "May you prosper!"
She prayed that I might prosper.
70. She said, "Would that my father were alive!"
She wished that her father had been alive.